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February 2016

Volume 2 Issue 1

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Research Article

Association between the Electroglottographic Waveform and the Temporal Aspects of the Pharyngeal Swallow

Hope E. Baylow*, Aaron S. Ziegler, Christine Ciorciari, and LisaMarie Ricigliano

Both action observation and motor imagery have been presented to play a role in learning or re-learning motor tasks. For example, the motor performance in sport training improved by applying motor imagery. In addition, the action observation presents positive effects on the rehabilitation of both chronic stroke patients and Parkinson’s disease patients. But it has been shown that motor imagery is less powerful than the action observation in the foundation of early learning task. For this reason, we try to find which one of both imagery and observation is more effective on the eye movements.

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Regular Paper

Studying Mental Visual Imagery and Action Observation Using Electro-Oculogram (EOG)

Foulwa EZZEDDINE*, Ahmad DIAB, Abdallah KASSEM, Ahmad RIFAI SARRAJ

The electroglottograph (EGG) was developed as a noninvasive tool for measuring the electrical impedance variations (i.e. the amount to which the tissue resists the flow of electrical current) that are associated with vocal fold vibration and thus fundamental frequency during phonation. Electroglottography involves the horizontal placement of a pair of plate surface electrodes, held in firm place with a Velcro strap or neckband on each side of the larynx at the level of the thyroid lamina. A high frequency signal (between 300 kHz and a few megahertz) with a low current (0.05V) flows in both directions through the neck between the electrodes.

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Regular Paper

Tracheal Clamping Maneuver Produces Higher Peak Expiratory Flow and Less Discomfort in the Mechanical Stimulation of Tracheal Cough in Young Adult Individuals

Luana Spiering da Silva, Natália Ferreira Gehling Marques, Laura Jurema dos Santos, Leandro Giacometti da Silva*

Cough is associated with a significant impact on quality of life. Under normal conditions, it has an important role in protecting the airways and lungs, but under certain conditions, it may become excessive and non-productive. It can be problematic and potentially harmful to the airway mucosa and it is also associated with significant morbidity and mortality.

 

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Perspective

A Proposal for Biomechanical Evaluation of Balance in HTLV- 1 Individuals

Katia Nunes Sá*, Naiane Araújo Patrício, Cristiano Sena da Conceição, Cleber Luz, Jamile Vivas

The human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is a retrovirus regarded as a triggering agent of moderate to high-intensity chronic pain and neurological disorders that interfere with the daily activities, quality of life, and social interaction of those infected. It is a sexually transmitted disease that predominantly affects women of low socioeconomic status. It has been estimated that there are between 10 and 20 million individuals infected worldwide. The city of Salvador, Bahia, Brazil, has the highest prevalence of seropositive individuals in the country.

 

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